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Court Decisions

Legal and policy developments relevant to civil rights protections and the impact of court decisions in the Southeast Region and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) are analyzed in partnership with the Burton Blatt Institute (BBI) at Syracuse University.

Adams v. Cleveland Clinic FloridaSection 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, ADA Title III, American Sign Language (ASL), district court, Florida, legal authority, civil contempt, settlement agreement
Aguirre v. City of Miamiconstructive discharge, retaliation
Alejandro v. Palm Beach State College
service animal
Allmond v. Akal Security Inc.disparate impact, mitigation, substantial limitation
American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD) v. Harrisvoting access
Anderson v. City of Blue AshADA, FHAA, reasonable modification, service animal
Anderson v. Franklin Instituteadmission fee, personal care attendant, ADA, equal access, disability, public accommodation, museum, theater, exhibitions, reasonable modification
Argenyi v. Creighton UniversityADA Title III, auxiliary aids and services,discrimination, Section 504
Bagwell v. Morgan County CommissionADA Title I, essential functions, reasonable accommodation, retaliation
Bates v. Dura Automotive Systems, Inc.disability inquiry, medical test
Bennett v. Hurley Medical Centerservice animal, accommodation, reasonable modification, public entity, hospital, staff member, service dog, direct threat, allergic reaction, intentional discrimination, interactive process, Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act.
Berling v. Gravity Diagnostics, LLCadverse employment action, lost wages and benefits, mental pain and suffering, anxiety disorder, panic attacks, disability, employment termination, reasonable accommodation, disability discrimination
Bledsoe v. TVA Bd. of Dirs.age discrimination, retaliation, federal employee, disability discrimination, Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), burden-shifting
Boitnott v. Corning, Inc.employment, legal concepts, major life activity, substantially limited
Brown v. Roanoke Rehab and Healthcare CenterADA, COVID-19, Alabama, definition of disability, employment termination, legal authority, motion to dismiss, federal court
Bryson v. Regis Corporationemployment, FMLA, legal concepts, public accommodations, qualified individual, retaliation
Campbell v. Universal City Dev. Partnersamusement ride eligibility criteria, discrimination, manufacturer compliance, state law, public accommodation, Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), disability, limb difference, risk assessment, supremacy clause.
Caporicci v. Chipotle Mexican Grill, Inc.ADA, ADA – general, discrimination, employment, Florida Civil Rights Act (FRCA), medical and health care
Carmona v. Southwest Airlines CompanyADA – general, ADA Amendments Act, employment, intermittent flare ups, retroactive
Carter v. Ridgeemployment, legal concepts, qualified individual, retaliation, state & local government, transportation
Chesnut v. Ethan Allen Retail, Inc.discrimination, EEOC complaint, employment, legal concepts, timely filing, verified charge
C.L. v. Del Amo Hospital,Inc. (2021)ADA, dog training, medical and health care, PTSD, public accommodation, service animals, service dog
Cooper v. CLP Corporationaffirmative defense, discrimination, employment, harassment, reasonable care
Cordero v. Floridadefinition of disability, employment, retaliation
Craig v. Masterpiece Cakeshop,, civil rights, constitution, discrimination, diversity, First Amendment, LGBT, religion
Crawford v. Hinds County Board of SupervisorsADA – general, Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), architectural, courthouse, courtrooms, disability, District Court, facility access, future injury, injunctive relief, juror, jury duty, jury service, legal concepts, public accommodations, restrooms, state & local government, wheelchair
Cummings v. Premier Rehab Keller, P.L.L.C.ADA Title III, Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Affordable Care Act of 2010, Civil Rights Act of 1964, deaf, legally blind, emotional distress, Texas Human Rights Code
Daniels v. Arcade, L.P.4th Circuit, ADA – general, eligible to bring suit, enforcement, facility access, injury in fact, legal concepts, public accommodations, recreation/leisure, standing
Denman v. Davey Tree Expert Co.disability-related inquiries, employment, legal concepts, medical examination, reasonable accommodation
Deutsch v. Travis County Shoe Hospital & Deutsch v. Annis EnterprisesADA – general, ADA Title III, facility access, legal concepts, public accommodations, standing
Disability Rights North Carolina vs. State of North CarolinaInjunctive Relief, Institutionalization, Segregation, Community-Based Services, North Carolina, Cost Ceiling, Integration Mandate, Olmstead, Intellectual and/or Developmental Disabilities (I/DD)
Doe v. CVS Pharmacy, Inc.Affordable Care Act (ACA), Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), HIV/AIDS, Unruh Civil Rights Act, Unfair Competition Law (UCL), Employee Retirement Security Act (ERISA), California, Legal Authority.
Dulaney v. Miami-Dade County“cats paw” theory of causation, employment, legal concepts, regarded as, state & local government
EEOC v. Federal Express Corporationemployment, failure to accommodate, legal concepts, punitive damages, reasonable accommodation, state & local government, technology, telecommunication
EEOC v. Ford Motor Co.ADA Title I, employers, essential job functions, legal concepts, reasonable accommodations, retaliation, telecommuting
EEOC v. Ford Motor Credit CompanyADA – general, employment, enforcement, job-related inquiry, legal concepts, tangible inquiry, voluntary disclosure
EEOC v. Greater Baltimore Medical Center, Inc.ADA, ADA claim, employment, enforcement, legal concepts, medical and health care, SSA application
EEOC v. LHC Group Inc.ADA Title I, discrimination, employment, qualified employee, reasonable accommodation, summary judgement, termination
Feagan v. Jauntdefinition of disability, employment, job restructuring, reasonable accommodation, transportation
Federal Express Corporation v. Holoweckiage discrimination in employment act (ADEA), employment
Feist v. Louisianaemployment, legal concepts, reasonable accommodation, retaliation
Fox v. Morris Jupiter Associatescredibility of claims, facility access, injunctive relief standing, public accommodations
Frame v. City of Arlington – Texas (5th Circuit, 2010 and 2011) – UPDATEaccrual, ADA Title II, discrimination, public services, Rehabilitation Act, Section 504, state & local government, statute of limitations
Fry v. Napolean Community Schoolseducation, exhaustion requirement, IDEA, service animal, service animals
G.S. v. Bill LeeADA, Section 504, preliminary injunction, accommodations, schools, prevailing parties, attorney’s fees, injunctive relief, moot, disability, mask, enforcement, executive order
Gabriel Peeples v. Clinical Support Options, Inc.ADA, coronavirus (covid-19), covid-19, employment, interactive process, legal concepts, medical and health care, preliminary injunction, reasonable accommodation, telework, temporary restraining order
Gantner v. Potteremployment, facility access, federal employees compensation act (feca), legal concepts, modified position, Rehabilitation Act, state & local government
Garrett v. University of Alabamaemployment, legal concepts, sovereign immunity, state & local government
Gil v. Winn-Dixie (2017)accessibility, ADA Title III, internet, public accommodation, public accommodations, technology, websites
Gil v. Winn-Dixie (2021)accessibility, ADA Title III, internet, public accommodation, public accommodations, technology, websites
Giustiniani v. Florida Dept. of Financial Servicesada general, effective communication, enforcement, grievance procedure, legal concepts, medical and health care, program access, public accommodations, state & local government
Gomez v. Trinitas Cellars, LLCAmericans with Disabilities Act (ADA”, Title III of the ADA, website accessibility, nexus analysis, motion to dismiss, , failure to state a claim, place of public accommodation, California, Unruh Act, Federal Rules of Civil Procedure (FRCP), standing.
Gordon v. Acosta Sales and Marketing, Inc.ADA, employment, interactive process, reasonable accommodation, retaliation
Greenberg v. Bellsouth Telecommunications, Inc.obesity, qualified individual, substantial limitation
Gruener v. Ohio Casualty Insuranceemployment, legal concepts, public accommodations, regarded as
Hagan v. Mason Dixon Intermodal Inc. (MDII)employment, lawful discharge, transportation
Hall v. FloridaADA, capital punishment, enforcement, intellectual disability, legal concepts, state & local government
Harrison v. Benchmark Electronics Huntsville, Inc. (BEHI)employment, legal concepts, medical inquiry, non-disabled, private right of action
Helping Hand, LLC v. Baltimore Company, MDADA, ADA Title II, association, discrimination, disparate impact, enforcement, legal concepts, program access, state & local government
Heyer v. U.S. Bureau of Prisonsdeliberate indifference, effective communication, interpreter, legal concepts, medical and health care, technology, telecommunication
Holly v. Clairson Industriesemployment, essential function, qualified individual
Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v. EEOC [UPDATE]employment, legal concepts, ministerial exception
Hostettler v. College of WoosterADA, civil procedure, education, employment, legal concepts, medical and health care
Houston v. Marod Supermarkets, Inc.ADA, bona fide patron, enforcement, injunctive relief, legal concepts, place of public accommodation, public accommodations, standing, state & local government, tester of ada compliance
Howard v. STERISactual knowledge, ADA, employee disability, employment, enforcement, failure to accommodate, legal concepts
Huber v. Wal-Martreassignment, vacant position, diversity, employment. legal concepts, public accommodations
Jarvela v. Crete Carrier Corp.alcoholism, confidentiality, current diagnosis, disclosure, essential function, FMLA, medical inquiry, medical leave, qualified individual
John C. Wilds, Jr. v. AKHI LLC and AHTNA Professional Servs. Inc.service animal, Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), Florida Civil Rights Act (FCRA), off leash, Federal courthouse, contractor, failure to state a claim
John Kelleher v. Fred A. Cook, Inc.ADA, associated discrimination, employment, legal concepts, motion to dismiss, non-discrimination, termination of employment
Karantsalis v. City of Miami Springs, FloridADA, Rehabilitation Act of 1973, multiple sclerosis, ADA Title II, legal authority
Kilgo v. Cingular WirelessADA, employment, legal concepts, retaliation
Kroll v. White Lake Ambulance Authorityemployment, legal concepts, medical and health care, medical examination
KRS v. Brownemployment, legal concepts, recuperative leave, state & local government, WIOA (formerly WIA)
Laufer v. Acheson Hotels, LLC (December 2023)hotels, Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), regulations, “Reservation Rule,” public accommodations, accessible features, reservation service, website, standing, injunctive relief, disability, wheelchair, cane, visual impairment
Lee v. City of Columbus, Ohiodiscrimination, employment, legal concepts, medical inquiry, medical leave, Rehabilitation Act, right to privacy, Section 504, sole causation, state & local government
Lewis v. Humboldt Manordiscrimination, employment, legal concepts, sole causation
Liese v. Indian River County Hospital District

discriminatory intent, effective communication, interpreter, legal concepts, medical and health care
Littleton v. Wal-Martemployment, major life activity, social interaction
Lowe v. Hamilton County Department of Job and Family Servicessovereign immunity, state & local government
Luna Perez v. Sturgis Public Schools et. al.equitable relief, compensatory education, compensatory damages, ADA, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), disability, d/Deaf, special education, administrative procedures.
MacDonald v. United Parcel Serviceemployment, legal concepts, major life activity, thinking
Magee v. Coca-Cola Refreshments USA, Inc.ADA Title III, public accommodation, sales establishment, technology, visual impairment
Mayer v. Future Electronics GP Corp.discrimination, employment, legal concepts, pretext
Mayorga v. Alorica, Inc.ADA, employment, enforcement, legal concepts, medical and health care, pregnancy
McCauley v. Georgiaaccess to courts, ADA, enforcement, legal concepts, program access, sovereign immunity, state & local government
McClain v. Tenax Corp.ADA, discrimination, employment, retaliation, summary judgement
Mehryari v. First National Bank TexasADA, ADA Amendments Act (ADAAA), employment, summary judgement
Melman v. Metro. Gov of Nashville & Davidson CountyADA, ADA Amendments Act (ADAAA), employment, summary judgement
Milton v. Nicholsondiscrimination, employment, Section 504
Moore v. Chilton Co. Board of Ed.ADA Title II, disability harassment, education, Section 504
Moore v. Texascapital punishment, intellectual disability, medical standard, Supreme Court
Nance v. Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co.arbitration, legal concepts, statutory claims
National Alliance for Accessibility, Inc. v. Belk, IncADA, enforcement, legal concepts, public accommodations, standing
National Federation of the Blind v. Target Corporationclass action, employment, place of public accommodation, public accommodations, technology, web accessibility
Novak v. MetroHealthADA, definition of disability, employment, FMLA
Oross v. Kutztown Universityretaliation, intentional discrimination, interference, Rehabilitation Act, per se violation, covered employer, professor, COVID-19, remote work.
Owusu-Ansah v. Coca-Cola, Co.ADA, business necessity, enforcement, legal concepts, medical and health care, medical examination
Picard v. St. Tammany Parish Hospitaldefinition of disability, employment, interactive process, restrictive
Pinkerton v. Spellings, Secretary – U.S. Dept. of Educationlegal concepts, motivating factor, retaliation
Prioleau v. Potteremployment, interactive process, reasonable effort, reassignment, state & local government
Robles v. Domino’s Pizza LLCADA, ADA Title III, auxiliary aids and services, mobile applications, technology, websites
Rorrer v. City of Stowdiscrimination, employment, essential function, reasonable accommodation, state & local government
Ross v. Jefferson County Dept of HealthADA, employment, enforcement, legal concepts, sovereign immunity, state & local government
Rumler v. Florida Dept. of CorrectionsADA, ADA Title I, compensatory damages, employment, legal concepts, state & local government, trial by jury
Russell v. City of TampaADA, delay, employment, reasonable accommodation
Seff v. Broward CountyADA, EEOC, employment, enforcement, health risk assessment, job-related inquiry, legal concepts, medical and health care, safe harbor, state & local government, wellness programs
Seremeth v. Board of County Commissioners of Frederick CountyADA, domestic violence, effective communication, enforcement, interpreter, legal concepts, police detention, police investigation, state & local government
Sheely v. MRI Radiology Network, P.A.compensatory damages, employment, legal concepts, Rehabilitation Act, service animal, service animals, state & local government, voluntary cessation
Silva v. Baptist Health South Floridaauxiliary aids, effective communication, healthcare, medical and health care, public accommodations, standing, video remote interpreting
Sjöstrand v. Ohio State UniversityADA Title I, ADA Title II, discrimination, education, legal concepts, Section 504, state & local government
Smith v. TransCor AmericaADA Title II, cruel and unusual punishment, facility access, jails, legal concepts, prison, state & local government, technology, transportation
Soliday v. 7-Eleven, Inc.ADA Title I, employer net worth, employment, legal concepts, punitive damages
South Carolina Social Services v. Mother, In Interest of Minor, DaughterADA Title II, parental rights, reasonable modification, state & local government, termination
Sparman v. Blount County Board of EducationADA Title II, bullying, education, harassment, public school, Section 504
Spees v. James Marine, Inc.ADA Title VII, Civil Rights Act, employment, gender discrimination, legal concepts, non-discrimination, pregnancy
Stansberry v. Air Wisconsin Airlines Corporationassociation, discrimination, employment
Stringer v. N. Bolivar Consolidated School DistrictADA, education, employment, legal concepts, non-discrimination
Summers v. Altarum Institute, Corp.ADA, ADA Title I, ADAAA, enforcement, legal concepts, reasonable accommodation, state & local government, sufficiently severe, temporary disability
Sydnor v. Fairfax County, VA.ADA, administrative remedies, employment, enforcement, exhaustion requirement, failure to accommodate, legal concepts
Talevski v. Health and Hospital Corporation of Marion Countydementia, 42 U.S. Code §1983, nursing facility, Federal Nursing Home Reform Act (FHNRA), civil rights, statute of limitations
The Judge Rotenberg Educational Center, Inc. v. United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), et. alaggressive self-injurious behavior, developmental disabilities, Electrical Stimulation Device (ESD), Graduated Electronic Decelerator (GED), intellectual disabilities, legal authority, Massachusetts, practice of medicine, United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Thomas v. Traneattendance, employment
Toalston v. Bridgestone Firestoneemployment, pro se plaintiffs, protected activity
United States v. Vaello-MaderoEqual Protection Clause, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Fifth Amendment, disability benefits, First Circuit, Puerto Rico
Vannoy v. Federal Reserve Bank of RichmondADA Title I, defective notice of rights, discriminatory discharge, employment, job restructuring. reasonable accommodation, employment
Vaughan v. UPSemployment, interactive process, substantial limitation
Walker v. City of Vicksburgemployment, legal concepts, major life activity, state & local government
Washburn v. Harveyemployment, otherwise qualified
White v. Interstate Distributor Companyaccommodated position, employer obligation, employment, modified position
Williams v. KincaidADA, Rehabilitation Act, Constitutional law, Equal Protection Clause, gender dysphoria, gender identity disorders, prison, transgender, gross negligence, statute of limitations
Williams v. Union Underwear Company, Inc.association, discrimination, employment
Wilson v. Phoenix Specialty Manufacturing Companyemployment, front pay, legal concepts, pretext, reasonable accommodation, regarded as, termination
Wofsy v. Palm Shorescausality, employment, episodic condition, retaliation, transportation
Wolfe v. Postmaster GeneralADA, ADAAA, employment, enforcement, legal concepts, regarded as
Woodward v. City of ParisADA Title II, legal concepts, reasonable modification, state & local government
Yanick v. Kroger Co. of Michiganreasonable accommodation, resignation, ADA, working conditions, district court, intolerable, demotion, disability, adverse action, retaliation, cancer

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