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What is a reasonable accommodation for a person with HIV?


A Reasonable accommodation is any modification or adjustment to a job, the job application process, or the work environment that will enable a qualified applicant or employee with a disability to perform the essential functions of the job, participate in the application process, or enjoy the benefits and privileges of employment. Examples include: making existing facilities readily accessible to and usable by employees with disabilities; restructuring a job; modifying work schedules; acquiring or modifying equipment; and reassigning a current employee to a vacant position for which the individual is qualified.


An HIV-positive accountant required two hours off, bimonthly, for visits to his doctor. He was permitted to take longer lunch breaks and to make up the time by working later on those days.

A supermarket checkout clerk with AIDS had difficulty standing for long periods of time. Her employer provided her with a stool so that she could sit down at the cash register when necessary.

A secretary with AIDS needed to take frequent rest breaks during her workday. Her boss allowed her take as many breaks as she needed throughout the day, so long as she completed her work before going home each evening.

A machine operator required time off from work during his hospitalization with pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. He had already used up all of his sick leave. His employer allowed him to either take leave without pay, or to use his accrued vacation leave.

An HIV-positive computer programmer suffered bouts of nausea caused by his medication. His employer allowed him to work at home on those days that he found it too difficult to come into the office. His employer provided him with the equipment (computer, modem, fax machine, etc.) necessary for him to work at home.

An HIV-positive newspaper editor who tired easily from walking began to use an electric scooter to get around. His employer installed a ramp at the entrance to the building in which the editor worked so that the editor could use his scooter at the office.


Questions and Answers: The Americans with Disabilities Act and Persons with HIV/AIDS, published by the Department of Justice

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